Regulatory Focus Strength

Measure:

Reference Paper:

  • Higgins, E. T., Shah, J., & Friedman, R. S. (1997). Emotional responses to goal attainment: Strength of regulatory focus as moderator. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(3), 515-525.
      

Regulatory Focus Questionnaire

Measure:

Reference Papers:

  • Higgins, E. T., Friedman, R., Harlow, R. E., Idson, L. C., Ayduk, O. N., & Taylor, A. (2001). Achievement orientations from subjective histories of success: Promotion pride versus prevention pride. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31(1), 3-23.
      
  • Camacho, C. J., Higgins, E. T., & Luger, L. (2003). Moral value transfer from regulatory fit: What feels right is right and what feels wrong is wrong. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(3), 498-510.
      
  • Molden, D. C., & Higgins, E. T. (2004). Categorization under uncertainty: Resolving vagueness and ambiguity with eager versus vigilant strategies. Social Cognition, 22(2), 248-277.
      
  • Cesario, J., & Higgins, E. T. (2008). Making message recipients "feel right": How nonverbal cues can increase persuasion. Psychological Science, 19(5), 415-420.
      

Regulatory Mode Questionnaire

Measure:

Reference Paper:

  • Kruglanski, A. W., Thompson, E. P., Higgins, E. T., Atash, N. M., Pierro, A., Shah, J. Y., & Spiegel, S. (2000). To "do the right thing" or to "just do it": Locomotion and assessment as distinct self-regulatory imperatives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(5), 793-815.
      

Regulatory Mode Dictionary

Measure:

Reference Paper:

  • Kanze, D., Conley, M. A., & Higgins, E. T. (2019). The motivation of mission statements: How regulatory mode influences workplace discrimination. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Advance online publication.
      

Shared Reality Questionnaire (Generalized)

Measure:

  • This questionnaire is designed to measure the experience of generalized shared reality—the perception of having the same thoughts and feelings with another person about the world. Several versions of this measure have been developed:
    1. To measure generalized shared reality between close partners (e.g., “we frequently think of things at the exact same time”)
    2. To measure generalized shared reality within a given interaction, between strangers or close partners (e.g. “during this discussion, we frequently thought of things at the exact same time”)
    3. To measure the extent to which people feel that they have a generalized shared reality with the people in their life that they feel closest to
  • This questionnaire is currently under review; if you are interested in using any of these versions in your research, please email Maya Rossignac-Milon.

Reference Paper:

  • Rossignac-Milon M., Bolger N., Zee, K., & Higgins E. T. (2019). Merged minds: Shared reality in interpersonal relationships. Manuscript in revision.

Self-Discrepancy Measures

Measures:

  • Measures and instructions for two instruments:
    • Regulatory focus questionnaire (more detail also available above)
    • Selves questionnaire

Reference Papers:

  • Higgins, E. T., Shah, J., & Friedman, R. S. (1997). Emotional responses to goal attainment: Strength of regulatory focus as moderator. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(3), 515-525.
      
  • Higgins, E. T., Klein, R., & Strauman, T. (1985). Self-concept discrepancy theory: A psychological model for distinguishing among different aspects of depression and anxiety. Social Cognition, 3, 51-76.

Regulatory Focus Induction

Instrument:

Reference Papers:

  • Higgins, E. T., Roney, C. J. R., Crowe, E., & Hymes, C. (1994). Ideal versus ought predilections for approach and avoidance: Distinct self-regulatory systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(2), 276-286.
      
  • Higgins, E. T., Friedman, R., Harlow, R. E., Idson, L. C., Ayduk, O. N., & Taylor, A. (2001). Achievement orientations from subjective histories of success: Promotion pride versus prevention pride. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31(1), 3-23.
      
  • Freitas, A. L., & Higgins, E. T. (2002). Enjoying goal-directed action: The role of regulatory fit. Psychological Science, 13(1), 1-6.
      

Regulatory Fit Induction

Instrument:

Reference Papers:

  • Freitas, A. L., & Higgins, E. T. (2002). Enjoying goal-directed action: The role of regulatory fit. Psychological Science, 13(1), 1-6.
      
  • Cesario, J., Grant, H., & Higgins, E. T. (2004). Regulatory fit and persuasion: Transfer from "feeling right". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86(3), 388-404.
      
  • Cesario, J., Higgins, E. T., & Scholer, A. A. (2008). Regulatory fit and persuasion: Basic principles and remaining questions. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2(1), 444-463.
      
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